UK finance minister Jeremy Hunt is expected to deliver at Westminster a gloomy budget with tax hikes and spending cuts later in the day

Hong Kong (AFP) - Trading was subdued on Thursday as the optimism that characterised recent sessions was dealt a blow by data showing a resilience among US consumers that gives the Federal Reserve room to keep hiking interest rates.

Two reports showing inflation easing in the world’s top economy provided a springboard for world markets over much of the past week as investors took the readings to mean almost a year of monetary tightening was finally kicking in.

But on Wednesday the commerce department said retail sales jumped far more than expected last month, suggesting Americans are still able to weather the higher inflation and interest rate environment.

That was compounded by comments from a top Fed official that she did not see the bank stopping interest rate hikes, indicating she was willing to push borrowing costs above five percent, from the current 3.75 to 4.0 percent.

San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly told CNBC: “Somewhere between 4.75 and 5.25 seems a reasonable place to think about as we go into the next meeting.

“And so that does put it in the line of sight that we would get to a point where we would raise and hold.”

“Pausing is off the table right now, it’s not even part of the discussion. Right now the discussion is, rightly, in slowing the pace,” she added.

Traders have for months grown increasingly fearful that the hawkish tilt by the central bank will cause a recession, and policymakers have made clear they are willing to keep lifting even if that means hurting the economy.

JPMorgan Chase said the United States would tip into a “mild” recession in 2023 owing to the rate increases, adding that it saw the Fed easing policy the following year in 2024.

“Every time equity and bond markets are thinking the Fed is done and start taking off in a rally, the Fed gets out and starts talking that back down again,” Cheryl Smith, of Trillium Asset Management, told Bloomberg Television.

Hong Kong lost more than one percent, hit by profit-taking after a 14 percent surge between Friday and Tuesday, while there were also losses in Shanghai.

Still, observers said there were signs of optimism in Chinese markets after Beijing moved to ease some of its strict Covid restrictions and provide much-needed help to the property sector.

Tokyo, Seoul, Taipei, Mumbai and Bangkok also fell, though Singapore, Sydney, Wellington, Jakarta and Manila edged up.

The pound edged back against the dollar as Britain prepares for what is expected to be a grim budget later in the day by Finance Minister Jeremy Hunt, who has flagged a jump in taxes and spending cuts.

The announcement comes a day after figures showed UK inflation spiked at 11.1 percent in October, the highest since 1981, as the country is hammered by a cost-of-living crisis.

London opened slightly lower, while Paris and Frankfurt rose.

- Key figures around 0820 GMT -

Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 0.4 percent at 27,930.57 (close)

Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: DOWN 1.2 percent at 18,045.66 (close)

Shanghai - Composite: DOWN 0.2 percent at 3,115.43 (close)

London - FTSE 100: DOWN 0.1 percent at 7,345.30

Pound/dollar: UP at $1.1933 from $1.1914 on Wednesday

Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.0389 from $1.0395

Dollar/yen: DOWN at 139.18 yen from 139.54 yen

Euro/pound: DOWN at 87.05 pence from 87.21 pence

West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 0.7 percent at $85.02 per barrel

Brent North Sea crude: DOWN 0.2 percent at $92.65 per barrel

New York - Dow: DOWN 0.1 percent at 33,553.83 points (close)