Prime Minister Liz Truss switched finance ministers as markets awaited a policy U-turn

London (AFP) - The pound fell Friday as under-fire British Prime Minister Liz Truss sacked her finance minister and made a dramatic policy U-turn, while equities rallied for a second day despite surging US inflation.

The yen held around three-decade dollar lows as rampant US consumer prices cemented expectations of more hefty Federal Reserve rate hikes.

Truss sacked Kwasi Kwarteng as finance minister as pressure mounted on her government following last month’s big spending, tax-slashing budget, which spooked markets.

The September 23 budget sent the pound tumbling to a record dollar low near parity with the greenback and bond yields surged, before stabilising thanks to interventions by the Bank of England.

Sterling sank 1.2 percent to $1.1188 after Prime Minister Liz Truss dismissed Kwarteng. It reduced those losses as Truss appointed Jeremy Hunt as her new finance minister.

“The soap opera that is UK politics continues to dominate FX markets Friday,” said Stephen Innes, managing partner at SPI Asset Management.

Truss later announced a dramatic policy U-turn, stating the “need to act now to reassure the markets”, abandoning plans to eliminate an increase in corporation tax.

UK 10-year government bond yields fell further following the announcement, despite the Bank of England having insisted the costly market interventions would end Friday.

London’s FTSE 100 was 1.6 percent higher in afternoon trading.

- ‘Astonishing rebound’ -

Stock markets continued to push higher Friday after rising on Thursday despite data showing strong inflationary pressures in the United States.

“Markets staged an astonishing rebound despite a hotter-than-expected inflation report in the United States,” said Interactive Investor analyst Richard Hunter on the broad-based gains.

“The reasons… were not immediately clear, although traders pointed to a technical rebound as investors unwound defensive positions which had been in place ahead of the inflation report.”

US CPI inflation data showed prices rose last month at a faster clip than expected, despite this year’s series of Fed interest rate hikes, which have fanned fears of a global recession.

The month-on-month reading came in double estimates, while core inflation – which strips out volatile energy and food prices – was also elevated.

The figures sparked a sharp plunge on Wall Street but the selling quickly reversed, and all three main indices finished the day with gains of more than two percent.

Wall Street opened higher on Friday as a number of top banks kicked off earnings season, JPMorgan Chase, Citigroup, Wells Fargo and U.S. Bancorp all beating analysts’ expectations.

“None of those banks missed consensus earnings estimates, like investment bank Morgan Stanley did, yet their reports were laced with increased provisions for credit losses,” noted market analyst Patrick O’Hare at

US retail sales came in flat in September, below analyst expectations of a 0.2 percent rise.

“The key takeaway from the report is that it is not adjusted for inflation, so the lackluster numbers for September suggest consumers were pulling back on spending activity in the face of high inflation,” O’Hare said.

- Key figures around 1330 GMT -

London - FTSE 100: UP 1.6 percent at 6,956.37 points

Frankfurt - DAX: UP 2.1 percent at 12,616.25

Paris - CAC 40: UP 2.4 percent at 6,021.88

EURO STOXX 50: UP 2.3 percent at 3,438.20

New York - Dow: UP 0.6 percent at 30,207.67

Tokyo - Nikkei 225: UP 3.3 percent at 27,090.76 (close)

Hong Kong - Hang Seng Index: UP 1.2 percent at 16,587.69 (close)

Shanghai - Composite: UP 1.8 percent at 3,071.99 (close)

Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.1232 from $1.1326 Thursday

Dollar/yen: UP at 147.84 yen from 147.12 yen

Euro/dollar: DOWN at $0.9751 from $0.9776

Euro/pound: DOWN at 86.81 pence from 88.29 pence

Brent North Sea crude: DOWN 1.6 percent at $93.02 per barrel

West Texas Intermediate: DOWN 1.9 percent at $87.46 per barrel