Supporters of Peru's former president Pedro Castillo clashed with police during protests in Lima on December 11, 2022

Lima (AFP) - Protests against Peru’s new government turned deadly on Sunday, with two people killed as police clashed with angry demonstrators calling for a national strike, fresh elections and the release of detained former president Pedro Castillo.

The protests have swelled, notably in the northern and Andean towns, since the South American country’s legislature on Wednesday threw out the leftist Castillo after he tried to dissolve Congress and rule by decree.

Dina Boluarte, a former prosecutor who had served as Castillo’s vice president, was quickly sworn in to replace him.

On Saturday, she introduced her new cabinet, a group with an independent and technocratic profile and including eight women.

Between 1,000 and 2,000 people rallied in Peru's capital Lima on Sunday in support of ousted president Pedro Castillo

She named former prosecutor Pedro Angulo as prime minister.

After his impeachment, Castillo was quickly arrested, and on Sunday demonstrators in cities across the country’s interior – including Cajamarca, Arequipa, Huancayo, Cusco and Puno – demanded his release.

New clashes broke out Sunday between protesters and police in the southern city of Andahuaylas, leaving two dead and at least five injured – including a police officer – as demonstrators attempted to storm the city’s airport, authorities said.

- ‘Remain calm’ -

Riot police were deployed to the airport to contain the thousands of demonstrators in Andahuaylas, which lies in Boluarte’s home region of Apurimac.

Peru's new president Dina Boluarte and her pick as interior secretary, Cesar Fernandez, during a swearing-in ceremony in Lima on December 10, 2022

Protesters fired slingshots and hurled stones, while police responded with tear gas, images from the scene broadcast by local TV showed. A police station in the Apurimac town of Huancabamba was set on fire, RPP radio reported.

“I urge people to remain calm,” Interior Minister Cesar Cervantes told the station, as he announced the second death shortly after police confirmed the first – a teenager.

Clashes in Andahuaylas on Saturday saw 16 civilians and four police officers injured.

“No Peruvians life should be sacrificed for political interests,” Boluarte tweeted Sunday evening, reiterating a call for “dialogue and the rejection of violence.”

The country’s right-leaning Congress convened in emergency session Sunday afternoon to discuss the crisis, but had to be suspended after physical altercations broke out.

In images posted on social media, a man can be seen punching another man from behind and then members shoving each other in the center of the chamber.

Some 1,000 to 2,000 people rallied in Lima on Sunday shouting, “Castillo you are not alone, the people support you” and brandishing signs accusing “Dina and Congress” of being “corrupt rats,” before police dispersed the crowd with tear gas.

- ‘Indefinite strike’ -

Meanwhile, rural unions and organizations representing Indigenous peoples called for an “indefinite strike” beginning Tuesday in support of Castillo, himself the son of a peasant family.

They demanded the suspension of Congress, early elections and a new constitution as well as Castillo’s immediate release, according to a statement from the Agrarian and Rural Front of Peru, which groups about a dozen organizations.

Protesters have demanded the release of Peru's former president Pedro Castillo, who was arrested while on his way to seek asylum at the Mexican embassy and charged with rebellion and conspiracy

The Rural Front contends that Castillo “did not perpetrate a coup d’etat” on Wednesday when he announced the suspension of Congress and said he would be ruling by decree.

With his background as a rural teacher and union leader, and with little contact with the nation’s elites, Castillo has always drawn his strongest support from Andean regions, while struggling to find backing in coastal Lima.

The ousted president was arrested Wednesday while on his way to the Mexican embassy to seek asylum, and prosecutors have charged him with rebellion and conspiracy.

The demands for new elections come as recent polls show nearly nine in 10 Peruvians disapprove of the nation’s legislature.

Political analyst Giovanna Penaflor told AFP that Boluarte – who on Friday did not rule out calling early elections – needs to make clear whether she intends to lead a transitional government or to remain in power until 2026.

“She should be clear that her role is to facilitate new general elections,” Penaflor added, saying that doing so would provide needed stability and “allow this cabinet to not be like those in the past.”

Peru is now on its sixth president since 2016.

Castillo’s 17-month rule was overshadowed by six investigations against him and his family, mass protests demanding his removal, and a power struggle with the opposition-backed Congress.